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什么是终结度?

终极学位是你在某一领域所能获得的最高水平的教育.
一个人用文本末度的含义来研究末度是什么.

教师职位描述中列出了“终身制学位要求”.该学院的网站吹嘘道,“mg摆脱网站95%的教师在他们的领域拥有最终学位。.“但这意味着什么?什么时候、为什么需要一个终极学位??

最终学位是你在某一特定领域所能获得的最高教育水平. 根据 Dr. 莱斯利•坎贝尔, an associate professor in business administration 和 management at mg摆脱网站 (mg娱乐网十大网址), having the credential might help you gain industry credibility 和 demonstrate expertise in your field. 它也可以帮助你进入高等教育的职业生涯, enter a professional field that requires a terminal credential or help you change your course altogether.

随着学位的不断扩大和发展, 知道哪些程序是终端程序是令人困惑的, 尤其是当你考虑到具体学位的名称往往因学科而异时.

仍然, 你不需要一个高级学位来理解什么是终极学位, 让mg摆脱网站来解开这个概念.

什么学位被认为是终身制的?

A blue infographic piece with the text Terminal Degree The highest level of education you can achieve within a particular field.First, it's important to note that the designation 'terminal degree' is used primarily in the U.S. Most commonly, it refers to the highest academic degree that can be awarded in a particular field. 这几乎总是a 博士 or 研究生学位 后取得的 学士学位.

在美国.S.在美国,最高学历通常是哲学博士学位. Someone with a PhD in a traditional academic or technical field of study (such as the humanities, 科学, 工程, 等.)可以说是持有一个终端度.

有些学科提供不同名称的博士学位. 例如,一个教育工作者可能赢得他们的 教育学博士,简称EdD,在教育中达到终度.

根据2019年美国人口普查局的数据, 年龄在25岁以上的拥有博士学位的人比2000年增加了一倍多 4.500万年 学位持有人. 坎贝尔说,获得博士学位是一个不小的成就. 

 "It is called a terminal degree for a reason; there is no higher degree that can be obtained. 这意味着你已经达到了学术研究的顶峰。. "... 这样做需要坚韧、奉献和高度的投入."

什么是终端硕士学位?

In some cases, a master’s degree qualifies as a terminal degree in a particular field or discipline.

在没有博士学位的情况下,这往往是正确的. 例如, 美国图书馆协会(ALA), a master's degree in librarianship (such as a Master of Library 和 Information 科学) is the appropriate terminal degree for a professional librarian.

本杰明·纽金特,文本本杰明·纽金特

艺术ists who have completed graduate studies in creative fields such as visual or performing arts, 写作, 摄影或电影制作可能会有 美术硕士 (MFA). 虽然在这些领域获得博士学位是有可能的, 本杰明·纽金特他是该校英语副教授、前山景大学校长 Low-Residency MFA, said the MFA is still considered the terminal program in disciplines such as creative 写作.

纽金特说:“在英语中,攻读创意写作博士学位并不是常态. "Every job listing for a creative 写作 professorship that I see still accepts an MFA as the terminal degree required ... 我没有博士学位, 和 neither do any of the creative 写作 professors I know who write fiction or creative nonfiction. Poets are a different story; they often attain PhDs in English. I also think that for creative writers interested in the methodology of teaching composition 和 rhetoric, 读那个领域的博士是个不错的选择."

更常见的, a terminal degree might refer to a master’s degree awarded to a graduate student who completes a certain amount of coursework but ultimately does not pursue a 博士 degree, either for personal or academic reasons or because a 博士 degree program isn't available at the institution.

按学科划分的最终学位

在决定你需要什么学位时,要考虑你的职业抱负. 在某些情况下,你会发现你有很多选择.

例如, 如果你想通过一个终极学位来提升你的商业教育, you can either aspire to a business-focused PhD program or a Doctor of 业务 Administration (DBA). 两个学位都被认为是终点站, but the former is considered an academic doctorate while the latter is a professional doctorate. 你的选择取决于你想走的路, 要么进入学术和研究领域,要么在商界继续你的事业.

So, 你希望在大学教书吗, 为劳动力培养下一代专业人才? Or are you looking to advance your current career or pursue another profession that requires a terminal degree?

设定职业目标 能帮你决定攻读哪个学位吗.

传统的学科

Dr. 莱斯利·坎贝尔(莱斯利•坎贝尔)和他的文章. 莱斯利•坎贝尔当谈到高等教育教授职位时, some full-time academic faculty positions often require c和idates to hold a terminal degree in their field. 如果你在追求终身职位或竞争升职,这一点尤其正确, 根据坎贝尔.

一些机构也可能会寻求在最终学位之外有特定经验的候选人. "An MFA plus a well-received book published by a respected press is what you really need to get hired,纽金特在谈到担任创意写作教授时说.

与此形成鲜明对比的是, teaching as an adjunct faculty at the collegiate level doesn't necessarily require the most advanced degree. This is why you sometimes see colleges 和 universities touting the percentage of their faculty with terminal degrees; it’s a way to signal faculty members’ credentials 和 mastery of a subject.

专业的学科

当涉及到专业学位时,终端证书有点复杂. Earning a professional degree means a person has completed their academic studies in preparation to enter a professional field, 根据“格林伍德教育词典:第二版."

Common examples of such professional degrees are Doctor of Medicine (MD) for physicians 和 the Juris Doctor (JD) for lawyers. 医学博士和法学博士目前在美国被广泛认为是最后的学位.S.尽管在这些领域还有其他博士后学位.

例如,司法科学博士(JSD)是一个研究性的法学博士学位. 全国法律就业协会(NALP), as well as some colleges 和 universities, consider the JSD to be the most advanced law degree. For now, though, most people outside of education still count the JD as the terminal degree in law. The JD-versus-JSD debate highlights the sometimes-ambiguous distinction between 博士 degree programs focusing on research 和 scholarship 和 those emphasizing professional practice.

护理领域的临终学位也有类似的区别. 今天的护士 护理硕士学位 (MSN) can choose to pursue either a PhD or a Doctor of 护理 Practice (DNP) as a terminal degree. 前者培养科学家和研究人员, 而后者针对的是实践者, 但这两个博士项目都有助于全面推进护理实践, 写了 动摇Ketefian理查德·W. 瑞德曼 在他们的学术研究中 检查项目.

DNP是一个相对较新的选择护士谁想要一个临终学位在护理实践. 事实上,直到2004年,美国大学和护理协会(AACN) endorsed “moving the current level of preparation necessary for advanced nursing practice from the master’s degree to the doctorate-level by the year 2015.”

换句话说, the designated terminal degrees for a given field are subject to change in accordance with evolving professional requirements 和 regulations.

决定你的行动路线

如果你想知道你是否需要一个终极学位, 答案取决于你的特定研究领域和你的职业目标.

这个学位标志着你在广度和深度上掌握了你的学科. “这一成就是一项非常值得骄傲的成就,值得随之而来的所有尊重,”坎贝尔说.

然而, it is possible to move ahead career-wise through a combination of advanced degrees 和 work experience. This is especially true in emerging fields or disciplines that might not yet offer accredited 博士 degrees or other credentials.

最后, 请记住,随着学位项目和职业要求的变化, 相关的末端度也是如此. 具体的研究生院, professional organizations 和 accrediting bodies will usually have the latest information about the degrees by discipline.

在线. 在校园. 选择你的项目 从200多个mg娱乐网十大网址学位,可以带你去你想去的地方.

索非亚·托卡是一名自由撰稿人和高等教育编辑. 在推特上关注她 @stokar 或连接 LinkedIn.

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